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EU Solidarity with Ukraine

EU-Ukraine Solidarity Lanes

Lifeline for Ukrainian economy, key for global food security

It is of vital importance for Ukraine to keep its trade routes open so goods can flow in both directions. Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine since February 2022 blocked this flow.

In May 2022, the Commission launched the Solidarity Lanes Action Plan to establish alternative logistics routes via rail, road and inland waterways, known as Solidarity Lanes.

The importance of the Solidarity Lanes

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Crucial to protect global food security
Agricultural goods
Crucial for exports of Ukrainian goods
Fuel, humanitarian aid
Primary option for Ukraine to import all the goods it needs (fuel, humanitarian aid)

Ukraine is a top global exporter of cereals

Barley
Barley world's 3rd largest producer
Maize
Maize world's 4th largest producer
Wheat
Wheat world's 5th largest producer

Cereal production is the mainstay of Ukraine’s economy and contributes to feed many countries in the world.

How have Solidarity Lanes helped?

Between May 2022 and April 2024, the Solidarity Lanes allowed Ukraine to export around 136 million tones of goods, including around 70 million tonnes of grain, oilseeds, and related products. They enabled the export of around 54% of Ukraine's grain since the start of the war. About 46% of Ukrainian grain has been exported via the Ukrainian Black Sea ports.

The Solidarity Lanes have also allowed Ukraine to import around 52 million tonnes of goods it needs: from military and humanitarian aid, to fuel and other products.

The total value of trade via the Solidarity Lanes is estimated at around €157 billion, with more than €50 billion for Ukrainian exports and around €107 billion for Ukrainian imports.

2022-2024 grain exports from Ukraine

88.1 million tonnes of cereal
exported by the EU to third countries between March 2022 and December 2023

Financial contributions

The European Commission, together with partner financial institutions, are investing in capacity increases, repairs and liquidity for operators. So far, more than €2 billion has been mobilised for Solidarity Lanes to increase global food security and provide a lifeline for Ukraine's economy. 

Key developments

  1. September 2023

    EU makes €7 billion available for key infrastructure projects, opening the call for the first time also to Ukrainian and Moldovan entities.

  2. July 2023
    • Russia terminates the Black Sea Grain Initiative
    • New study on EU rail connections with Ukraine and Moldova suggests as a first step to establish a European track gauge connection from Kraków/Katowice (Poland) to Lviv (Ukraine), as well as from Iasi (Romania) to Chisinău (Moldova).
  3. June 2023
    • €250 million invested in 9 Solidarity Lanes projects to improve cross-border connections between Ukraine, Moldova, and the EU.
    • Association of Ukraine to the EU’s programme for infrastructure funding – the Connecting Europe Facility, allowing Ukraine to apply for EU funding in the transport, energy and digital realms – for better connections between the EU and Ukraine. A similar agreement was signed between the EU and the Republic of Moldova in May 2023.
  4. January 2023

    €226 million made available from a Military Mobility call, improving long-term connectivity with Ukraine and Moldova and reinforcing the Solidarity Lanes in Poland, Romania and Germany.

  5. December 2022

    An additional €240 million invested in military mobility projects, improving the infrastructure on the Solidarity Lanes in Germany, Poland and Romania.

  6. July 2022

    Proposal to extend the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) to Ukraine and Moldova.

  7. June 2022

    New road transport agreements between the EU, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova allow additional transport by road. Hauliers can now transit through and operate between each other’s territories, without the need for permits.

Factsheets

22 MAY 2024
Factsheet EU-Ukraine Solidarity Lanes – Lifeline for Ukrainian economy, key for global food security
11 SEPTEMBER 2023
Factsheet on EU-Ukraine Solidarity Lanes Joint Coordination Platform