Lifeline for Ukrainian economy, key for global food security
It is of vital importance for Ukraine to keep its trade routes open so goods can flow in both directions. Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine since February 2022 blocked this flow.
In May 2022, the Commission launched the Solidarity Lanes Action Plan to establish alternative logistics routes via rail, road and inland waterways, known as Solidarity Lanes.
Ukraine is a top global exporter of cereals
The importance of the Solidarity Lanes
How have Solidarity Lanes helped?
Between March 2022 and January 2024, over 61 million tonnes of grain, oilseeds, and related products have left Ukraine through the Solidarity Lanes. They enabled the export of around 60% of Ukraine's grain since the start of the war. About 30% of Ukrainian grain has been exported via the Ukrainian Black Sea ports.
The Solidarity Lanes have also allowed Ukraine to import around 40 million tonnes of goods it needs: from military and humanitarian aid, to fuel and other products.
The total value of trade via the Solidarity Lanes is estimated at around EUR 120 billion, with more than EUR 40 billion for Ukrainian exports and over EUR 80 billion for Ukrainian imports.
The European Commission, together with partner financial institutions, are investing in capacity increases, repairs and liquidity for operators.
- September 2023
EU makes €7 billion available for key infrastructure projects, opening the call for the first time also to Ukrainian and Moldovan entities.
- July 2023
- Russia terminates the Black Sea Grain Initiative
- New study on EU rail connections with Ukraine and Moldova suggests as a first step to establish a European track gauge connection from Kraków/Katowice (Poland) to Lviv (Ukraine), as well as from Iasi (Romania) to Chisinău (Moldova).
- June 2023
- €250 million invested in 9 Solidarity Lanes projects to improve cross-border connections between Ukraine, Moldova, and the EU.
- Association of Ukraine to the EU’s programme for infrastructure funding – the Connecting Europe Facility, allowing Ukraine to apply for EU funding in the transport, energy and digital realms – for better connections between the EU and Ukraine. A similar agreement was signed between the EU and the Republic of Moldova in May 2023.
- December 2022
€220 million invested in military mobility projects, improving the infrastructure on the Solidarity Lanes in Germany, Poland and Romania.
- July 2022
Proposal to extend the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) to Ukraine and Moldova.
- June 2022
New road transport agreements between the EU, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova allow additional transport by road. Hauliers can now transit through and operate between each other’s territories, without the need for permits.