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EU Solidarity with Ukraine

EU assistance to Ukraine

This information is also available in: Ukrainian | українська | Russian | русский

In focus

Strong and comprehensive EU response

Since the Russian aggression started, the EU, its Member States and its financial institutions have mobilised over €19.7 billion to support Ukraine's overall economic, social and financial resilience. This has been in the form of macro-financial assistance, budget support, emergency assistance, crisis response and humanitarian aid.

In addition, military assistance measures amounting to €3.1 billion have been provided under the European Peace Facility. This will be used to reimburse Member States for their in-kind military support to Ukraine.

In order to continue supporting Ukraine, on 9 November 2022, the Commission proposed the MFA+ support package for Ukraine of up to €18 billion, with stable, regular and predictable financial assistance – averaging €1.5 billion per month – which would help cover a significant part of Ukraine's short-term funding needs for 2023.

Humanitarian aid

€523 million have been made available for humanitarian aid projects to help civilians affected by the war in Ukraine. This includes €485 million for Ukraine and €38 million for Moldova respectively, to assist people fleeing the aggression. This EU humanitarian aid provides food, water, healthcare, shelter and helps cover people's basic needs.

Also, €330 million goes to an emergency support programme that helps to secure access to basic goods and services, such as education, healthcare and food. It also helps to protect the population, both internally displaced people and of their host communities and to support small and medium enterprises and agriculture. Another important goal is to reconstruct civilian small-scale infrastructure, ensure energy security, and strengthen cyber security, media freedom and actions against disinformation. Previous on-going projects worth €185 million have been adjusted to meet urgent needs on the ground.

 

EU Civil Protection Mechanism

31 countries
have offered their assistance
Over 74,000 tonnes
of in-kind assistance has been shipped to Ukraine

Via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, we are channeling aid to Ukraine from 31 countries - 27 EU Member States, Norway, Türkiye, North Macedonia and Iceland. This includes life-saving supplies such as medicine, food, and shelter items, but also strategic equipment like fire engines, power generators, ambulances and mobile hospitals.

Emergency logistical hubs and rescEU aid

Due to exponential needs, we have mobilised medical and shelter equipment, but also specialised equipment for public health risks such as chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear threats for Ukraine via the rescEU  stockpiles based in Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Greece, Romania, Sweden, and Denmark. With a total financial value of almost €34 million, the rescEU support includes housing units, protection suits, decontaminants, ventilators, infusion pumps, patient monitors, ultrasound devices, and more. The EU is coordinating medical evacuations of Ukrainian patients in urgent need of treatment, transferring over 1,000 patients to hospitals across Europe to receive specialised care thus far. A new EU Medevac Hub for medical evacuations of Ukrainian patients was opened in September in Rzeszów, Poland. The hub will offer a safe space for the patients arriving from Ukraine before they are transferred for treatment in a hospital in another European country.

Furthermore, the Commission has established civil protection logistical hubs in Poland, Romania and Slovakia, to distribute required aid to Ukraine as quickly as possible. These hubs will help channel the assistance being delivered via the EU’s Civil Protection Mechanism. 

Temporary protection mechanism

Temporary protection means:

  • residency rights
  • access to the labour market subject to Member States’ labour market policies
  • access to housing
  • social welfare assistance
  • medical or other assistance
  • unaccompanied children and teenagers are entitled to legal guardianship and access to education

Information for people fleeing the war

Solidarity Lanes

As part of the European Union's response to the Russian aggression against Ukraine, the European Commission and bordering EU Member States established on 12 May 2022 the EU-Ukraine Solidarity Lanes. The Solidarity Lanes are essential corridors for Ukraine's agricultural exports, as well as the export and import of other goods.

Since May, the Solidarity Lanes have:

  • helped export over 17Mt of agricultural goods (grain, oilseeds and related products) from Ukraine, bringing Ukraine much needed revenue and allowing grain to reach those in need
  • in September alone, 6.6Mt of Ukrainian agriculture products were exported in total – with 2.6 Mt via Solidarity Lanes and 4 Mt via the Black Sea
  • provided technical support to Ukraine, Moldova and EU countries to facilitate and speed up procedures and remove bottlenecks at the border
  • led to signing of freight agreements with Ukraine and Moldova on 29 June 2022 to further facilitate transit and transport from and to both countries

To sustain and further increase the capacity of the Solidarity Lanes, the EU has been mobilising significant investments through various existing EU and national programmes. Administrative and operational facilitation needs to continue, including on streamlining border crossing procedures, and more funding is needed.

In November, the Commission urgently dedicated €250 million of grants to boost the Solidarity Lanes. For the short-term, this will support quick improvements, in particular with mobile equipment, to reduce waiting times and improve movement through the border crossing points and their access routes. In the medium-term, the Commission is mobilising the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) and €50 million to support the infrastructure developments needed to further increase the capacity of the Solidarity Lanes. 

Other types of support

  • In the energy sector, Ukraine’s electricity grid was synchronised to the EU. The EU will continue to support Ukraine in the energy sector, by ensuring the reverse flows of gas to the country. Ukraine will also be able to benefit from EU common purchase of gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and hydrogen.
  • The Commission proposed to suspend for one year import duties on all Ukrainian exports to the EU. The proposal would also see the suspension for one year of all EU anti-dumping and safeguard measures in place on Ukrainian steel exports. This far-reaching step is designed to help boost Ukraine's exports to the EU and alleviate the difficult situation of Ukrainian producers and exporters.
  • The Commission called upon the European telecom operators to prolong their agreement to suspend or significantly reduce any roaming charges for Ukrainians in the EU, which has already been in force for the past 3 months.
  • Since the beginning of the war, the EU has stepped up its immediate support to strengthen Ukraine’s cyber resilience with €10 million for equipment, software and other related support. A further €15 million from the €330 million package has been provided to support resilient digital transformation.
  • The EU provides support through EU guarantees, issued by financial institutions, such as the EIB and EBRD. This should enable the Ukrainian government to lend and allows companies to offer vital services.

Support for future reconstruction

Ukraine public administration building

A major global financial effort will be required to rebuild Ukraine after the war damage. The reconstruction effort should be led by the Ukrainian authorities in close partnership with the EU and key partners, such as G7 and G20, and other third countries, as well as international financial institutions and international organisations.

An international coordination platform, the ‘Ukraine reconstruction platform', co-led by the Commission and by the Ukrainian government, has also been announced. The platform would be responsible for endorsing a reconstruction plan, drawn up and implemented by Ukraine, with administrative capacity support and technical assistance by the EU. It would bring together the supporting partners and organisations, including EU Member States, other bilateral and multilateral partners and international financial institutions. The Ukrainian Parliament and the European Parliament would participate as observers.

To support the reconstruction plan, the Commission has proposed to set up the ‘RebuildUkraine' Facility as the main legal instrument for the EU's support, through a mix of grants and loans. It would be embedded in the EU budget, thereby ensuring the transparency, accountability and sound financial management of this initiative, with a clear link to investments and reforms.

Read more on the reconstruction of Ukraine

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